November 1, 2017 12:42 pm
Piraeus is a port city in the region of Attica, Greece. Is is located within the Athens urban area, 12 kilometres (7 miles) southwest from its city center (municipality of Athens), and lies along the east coast of the Saronic Gulf. According to the 2011 census, Piraeus had a population of 163,688 people within its administrative limits, making it the fourth largest municipality in Greece and the second largest within the urban area of the Greek capital, following the municipality of Athens.
The municipality of Piraeus and several other suburban municipalities within the regional unit of Piraeus form the greater Piraeus area, with a total population of 448,997. Piraeus has a long recorded history, dating to ancient Greece. The city was largely developed in the early 5th century BC, when it was selected to serve as the port city of classical Athens and was transformed into a prototype harbour, concentrating all the import and transit trade of Athens.
The ancient Greek verb “piro” means to traverse a marine passage, to traverse the sea, and to cross to the other side, which meams that I am now experienced. That is the meaning of “pira” (experience) in Greek; to have crossed a sea.
Peratos is the one who is situated on the other side, where I want to go (today we say “I will go to the end [‘perata’] of the world”). From “peratos” the Latins created “portus”, its original meaning being “passage”, and later “port”. Let’s not forget that the port of Piraeus also, in the days when the coastal valley was sea and Piraeus was an island, took its name from some “pereea”, the one who carried people to the othe rside, and that’s why many people today pronounce it “Pereas”. That is the correct way. “Pireaus used to be an island, where it took its name, from the verb ‘diaperan’ [=to traverse]”.
So, Piraeus is essentially the ancient port Rerasma which, through its etymological root, gave its name to all the ports of the world: port, porto, puerto etc…(Anna Tziropoulou Elfstathiou)
Naftilia (=shipping), warship.
Politismos (=culture) – ptolis – ptoliethron (=city)
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